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Spatial–temporal evolution of ESV and its response to land use change in the Yellow River Basin, China

Analysis of changes in ecosystem services value in the YRB

The results showed that from 1990 to 2020, the total ecosystem services value in the YRB showed a dynamic trend of decrease-increase–decrease, with overall increasing trend, and a total increase of 31.85 × 1010 USD, with an average annual increase of 1.14 × 1010 USD (Table 2). This changing trend is consistent with land use cover change in the area. In 30a, YRB cultivated land decreased by 8663 km2, due to rapid urbanization. In addition, after year 2000, China began to implement the policy of returning farmland to forest and grassland on a large scale, which accelerated the reduction of cultivated land. Results again showed that the forest area increased by 30,933,093 km2, indicating that the implementation of “returning farmland to forest and grassland”policy achieved great results, thus increased the value of ecosystem services generated by forest land by…

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